Increasing speeds and practical use

A key innovation required for the BBS was the Hayes Smartmodem. Prior to the Smartmodem, modems were almost entirely manual in operation, having developed from acoustic couplers that used a traditional telephone for dialing and hanging up. Such systems were largely useless for BBS systems, because they could not disconnect after the call completed without the user physically hanging up the phone. The Smartmodem included a small microcontroller that listened for key words in the data, allowing it to pick up the phone, dial numbers, and hang up again, all without any operator intervention. The Smartmodem was not necessary for BBS use, other modems could be left in “answer mode”, but the Smartmodem made operation dramatically simpler on the user end by allowing the easy dialing of any number of BBS systems.

With the original 110 and 300 baud modems of the late 1970s, BBSes were particularly slow and file transfers were typically limited to text files (lists of BBS systems were a common example) and small software applications, typically terminal programs for accessing BBSes. Speed improved with the introduction of 1200 bit/s modems in the early 1980s, and this led to a substantial increase in popularity. The demand for complex ANSI and ASCII screens and larger file transfers taxed available channel capacity, which in turn propelled demand for faster modems. 1200 bit/s gave way to 2400 bit/s fairly rapidly, followed by a delay before 9600 bit/s models began to appear on the market. 9600 bit/s was not even established as a strong standard before V.32bis at 14.4 kbit/s took over in the early 1990s. Another delay followed due to a long V.34 standards process before 28.8 kbit/s was released, only to be quickly replaced by 33.6 kbit/s, and then 56 kbit/s.

Most of the information was displayed using ordinary ASCII text or ANSI art, though some BBSes experimented with higher resolution visual formats such as the innovative but obscure Remote Imaging Protocol. Many systems became quite sophisticated in graphic presentation, especially considering that the system was confined to ASCII codes. Several systems attempted to simulate the appearance of GUI displays which were just appearing as DOS add-ons or Apple systems. Probably the ultimate development of graphic presentations was the Dynamic page implementation of the University of Southern California BBS (USCBBS) by Susan Biddlecomb, which predated the implementation of the HTML Dynamic web page. A complete “Dynamic web page” implementation was accomplished using TBBS with a TDBS add-on presenting a complete menu system individually customized for each user.

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The Beginnings – A Brief History

he first public dial-up Bulletin Board System was developed by Ward Christensen. According to an early interview, while he was snowed in during the Great Blizzard of 1978 in Chicago, Christensen along with fellow hobbyist Randy Suess, began preliminary work on the Computerized Bulletin Board System, or CBBS. CBBS went online on February 16, 1978 in Chicago, Illinois.

With the original 110 and 300 baud modems of the late 1970s, BBSes were particularly slow, but speed improved with the introduction of 1200 bit/s modems in the early 1980s, and this led to a substantial increase in popularity.

Most of the information was displayed using ordinary ASCII text or ANSI art, though some BBSes experimented with higher resolution visual formats such as the innovative but obscure Remote Imaging Protocol. Such use of graphics taxed available channel capacity, which in turn propelled demand for faster modems.

Towards the early 1990s, the BBS industry became so popular that it spawned three monthly magazines, Boardwatch, BBS Magazine, and in Asia and Australia, Chips ‘n Bits Magazine which devoted extensive coverage of the software and technology innovations and people behind them, and listings to US and worldwide BBSes. In addition, in the USA, a major monthly magazine, Computer Shopper, carried a list of BBSes along with a brief abstract of each of their offerings.

According to the FidoNet Nodelist, BBSes reached their peak usage around 1996, which was the same period that the World Wide Web suddenly became mainstream. BBSes rapidly declined in popularity thereafter, and were replaced by systems using the Internet for connectivity. Some of the larger commercial BBSes, such as ExecPC BBS, became actual Internet Service Providers.

The website textfiles.com serves as an archive that documents the history of the BBS. The owner of textfiles.com, Jason Scott, also produced BBS: The Documentary, a DVD film that chronicles the history of the BBS and features interviews with well-known people (mostly from the United States) from the heyday BBS era.

Bulletin_Board_System

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WFW

Hello! Recently I found a great post on the wfw. I think if you look you’ll love. In general I very often see sites that are maintained their blogs, it seems to me that this is a very interesting idea and probably very soon it stuns binding site content.blog describes the software solutions business of worksforweb In order to understand what it was about in this post, I recommend to read the rest! Well it’s time to say goodbye, I wish you luck. confident that my blog will help you today

 

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Bulletin board system

Widely used in times of scarcity cable computer network computer users a way to communicate through the public switched telephone network.

BBS originally contained a variety of companies and access to them has been paid. Subsequently, the same as a hobby, they were open and private individuals. The bulk of access to private BBS free.

BBS can be both autonomous and associated with other BBS (usually via Fidonet).

To access the BBS required telephone network, modem and terminal program (minicom, Y-term, ZOC (Eng.), Telix, Hyper Terminal, Terminate, Telemax and others). Some BBS also available (or exclusively) through the Internet via telnet.

User launches BBS terminal program initiates this program a phone call to the number BBS, BBS offers after connection log (enter your login and password) or register as a new user and after a successful user login provides access to it:

to the “bulletin board” where everyone can publish or selected news and announcements (with this feature and started BBS);
to newsgroups (like modern web forums), with the development of BBS conference distributed between Fidonet BBS network and became known ehokonferentsy;
directories to share files, each file is accompanied by a description and counter downloads, user rating may be considered downloads / downloads.
In addition to the online access to the conferences have been developed for off-line reading conferences via QWK (English) and Blue Wave (English). User connects to the BBS, downloaded to your computer file package with messages disconnected. Read messages written responses and new messages in the conference, which then program QWK or Blue Wave going in the package. In the most free time again BBS user was connected to BBS, pumped her package with their messages and retrieve them from the messages that were left on the other BBS users for the time elapsed since its previous call to BBS.

BBS for the organization need special software.

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