Patterned/embroided stones or Saimaluu-Tash in Kyrgyz is a place, situated in a narrow canyon on a northeastern slope of the Fergansky range, in the region of Kugart pass. Crossing this pass from the agricultural Fergana Valley to the valleys of the Inner Tien Shan. In the region, at an altitude of 3,000 – 3,200m, is the largest concentration of petroglyphs in Central Asia, which have been gouged out of basaltic rock.
Petroglyphs have survived on stones and rocks at many sites throughout the globe. In spite of the fact that people have been studying them for 200 years, some of them still remain a mystery to us. Saimaluu-Tash is the largest gallery of petroglyphs in Central Asia and consists of about 90 thousand individual specimens.
A wide range of ages shows the best correlation with the richness of its subjects, characters and symbols. The animal world is widely represented at the site, there are elephants, lions, snow-leopards, wolves, ibex, red deer, birds and reptiles. Domestic animals are shown: horses, bulls and yaks. Multi-image compositions depict scenes of hunting, domestication of wild animals, migrating along mountain paths, ritual dances of masked people, sun and moon shaped men driving on harnessed chariots and carriages, dances of demons, resembling human creatures with canine heads and hypertrophied huge arms. Authors with high academic credentials regard Saimaluu-Tash as monument of culture of universal importance.
Since the place is situated in such high and deep inside area, it can be visited during only 2 months a year: July and August. Otherwise, snow will make it impossible to reach.